Tarangire National Park
Tarangire National Park is 1,003 square miles (2,600 km2) of baobab-studded grassland surrounding the Tarangire River, the only reliable dry-season freshwater source for wildlife in a vast stretch of the Rift Valley. As such, it attracts huge migratory gatherings of zebras, wildebeest, elands, oryx, and others.
Elephants herd together in the hundreds. Bird populations are phenomenal—more than 300 species, including hammerkops, ground hornbills, giant kingfishers, Goliath herons, green wood hoopoes, in one of the highest recorded number of breeding species anywhere. Leopards are always here, as are warthogs, giraffes, impalas, and hartebeest. It is the only park where fringe-eared oryx regularly appear as well as, frequently, lesser kudus, gerenuks, and rock pythons. Best time is July–October dry season. All roads are passable then. A good tented camp and campsites overlook the Tarangire River. Get there by driving 71 miles (114 km) south of Arusha, or there is an airstrip.